Adventure of the Dancing Men

Arthur Conan Doyle | published Dec, 1903

added May 21, 2024
cover Image
First Date of Publication
Dec, 1903
Original Source
The Strand Magazine
Original Source Type
Magazine - General
Short Story
Original Language
Kasman Review
Not in Kasman Database
Other Links
Summary: A cipher involving dancing men, and Sherlock Holmes with Dr. Watson. What else is there to know before reading the story?

Story Tag Line: And so, my dear Watson, we have ended by turning the dancing men to good when they have so often been the agents of evil, and I think that I have fulfilled my promise of giving you something unusual for your note-book.

Back Images:
Back Image
Back Image


  • Vijay Fafat
    Published on

    It would not help to describe the story, since a Sherlock Holmes story must be read to be enjoyed for all the fantastical leaps of logic of deductions the detective employs. Suffice it to say that there is a love triangle and a very cute cipher (devised by a Chicago mob boss!) featuring stick figures of “dancing men” which Holmes cracks using frequency analysis. There is an unfortunate death in the story which, I guess, is an unavoidable plot device.

    End Note: I should note that Alex Kasman had raised a very valid objection to classifying this story as mathfiction when I had first sent it to him. His thought was that while cryptography and mathematics have very strong connections for both, ciphering methods (like RSA algorithm) and deciphering algorithms (like Turing’s work and frequency methods), the presence of cryptography alone cannot make a story mathfiction.

    In general, I agree with him. However, when the cryptography becomes a central part of the story AND makes up for a large fraction of the story, it gives a strong taste of mathfiction. Which is also why a short story based entirely on cryptography is more likely to qualify as being mathematical than a large novel where it may play a very small role.

    In any case, I leave it to the reader to decide for herself.